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LATIN AMERICAN INTEGRATION  Radiant Publishers, 1980.  Reprinted by Humanities Press, Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey, 1981.  Copyright  Dr. Vasant Kumar Bawa


The book critically examines the emergence and growth of Latin American integration and analyses the motivations behind the integration movement against the background of the internal policy of  the major countries of Latin America,  the political ideologies of the times, and the policies and  role of the United States of America.

It discusses the ideas of Raul Prebisch, assesses his contribution to the integration process, and points to some of the defects in the integration model such as the failure to stress sub-regional integration, and over-reliance on the Western  European  integration model.


The study focuses attention on the evolution of a functional approach to the problems of the region, the efforts to develop infrastructure and mobilize regional resources, and the relevance of these efforts for Asian and the Third World.

Based on library research and on personal interviews with officials who played a leading role in the process of Latin American integration, this study is important for students of Latin American Studies, American foreign policy, international economics and international politics.


THE NIZAM BETWEEN MUGHALS AND BRITISHHyderabad under Salar Jang I  [S. CHAND & COMPANY LTD, Ram Nagar, New Delhi 110055, 1986. [Second edition, 1996.]  Copyright Dr. Vasant Kumar Bawa]

This book examines a crucial figures in the history of the Nizam’s Dominions which was originally a vice royalty of the Mughal Empire but accepted the suzerainty of the British Raj.

Salar Jung-I was appointed Diwan of the Nizam of Hyderabad in 1853, when he was only 24 years of age. The Hyderabad State had just lost to the British the rich province of Berur, and Salar Jung’s family fortunes were at a low ebb. The Nizam and Salar Jung supported the British during the revolt of 1857 although the Nizams had always, till then, been loyal to the British Emperor. This was the first modern study of  Salar Jang I, who had not been the subject of a full-scale biography in spite of his important  role as an administrator and modernizer of Hyderabad as well as a major statesman of 19th Century India.



INDIAN METROPOLISUrbanization Planning and Management [Inter-India  Publications,  D-17, Raja Garden Extn., New Delhi 110015, 1987.] ISBN 81-210-0183-8. [Copyright  Dr. Vasant Kumar Bawa]  

The author was a Secretary to the Andhra Pradesh Government, dealing with problems of urban development form 1973-4,  and the first Vice-Chairman and Chief Executive of the Hyderabad Urban Development Authority from 1974-79.  Later, he carefully studied the problems of the three cities of Bombay, Pune and Hyderabad as a Senior Fellow of the Indian Council of Social Science Research at the Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics, Pune and Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore.

The book  focuses  attention on the problem of  rapidly-growing  cities of India. It takes  up as case-studies the major cities of Bombay [now Mumbai), Pune and Hyderabad. The problems of these cities is not insuperable. The writer identified some   specific problem areas,  which he examined in regard to these cities.  Among these problems are  the breakdown of transportation and water supply systems,  the  burgeoning growth of slums, and the failure of infrastructural facilities.  

The book combines an academic understanding with a pragmatic approach to the problems of the Indian Metropolis. It is written by an administrator with field experience of metropolitan planning, both for practitioners and for those concerned with the academic study of the city, in fields like Geography, Economics, Public Administration, Engineering, Town Planning, Sociology and Politics.


THE LAST NIZAM : The Life and Times of Mir Osman Ali Khan  [Viking Penguin India ] ISBN 0-670-83997-3,  Hard cover.1992 and Paperback,1993.]  Copyright Dr. Vasant Kumar Bawa

This is a biographical study of Mir Osman Ali Khan who ruled the state of Hyderabad, also known as the Nizam’s Dominion from 1911 till 1948 when his autocratic ended. From 1950 till 1956 he served as Rajpramukh or constitutional head of the state. He continued to enjoy the title of Nizam till his death in 1967.

 The book is also a history of the state during the long reign of its last effective ruler. The historian Parthasarthy Gupta described the book as “the best short introduction to the history of a region which straddled three linguistic groups -  Telugu, Marathi, and Kannada and whose separate political existence under the Asaf Jahi dynasty… lasted two centuries… The professional historian will be particularly grateful for the very illuminating critical note on sources that appear on pp 348-66.”

 Mir Osman Ali Khan dreamt  of being independent after the British left India. He also refused to transfer power to the people or even introduce consultative bodies till it was too late. The suppression of the popular movement for self-government under the Nizam’s aegis, was bound to lead to a demand for integration in the rest of India, as it gained independence. The rise of national feeling in India as a whole could not leave Hyderabad state untouched. The peasantry of Telengana were deeply dissatisfied with conditions in the Nizam’s Dominions, and  the agrarian revolt may have played a major role in the Government of India’s decision to intervene militarily in 1948.

 The book starts with a chapter on the dynasty of the Nizam’s  of Hyderabad, descended from a Subedar or Viceroy appointed by the Mughals not long after the death of Emperor Aurangazeb. The early life of the seventh Nizam, the Turkish connection, administrative and political changes, the frequent changes of Diwans, the failure of the Nizam to join the Federation, or to concede popular government, receive due attention. Marathwada and Hyderabad, Karnataka, the agrarian revolt in Telengana, and the rise of the Majlis Ittehadul Muslimeen  are highlighted.

 Written in a readable style, with quotations from Urdu and Telugu poetry, the book provides an important source  for serious students of modern Indian history, and for those who have lived in or visited Hyderabad State during and after  the Nizam’s lifetime.


HYDERABAD UNDER SALAR JANG –I (Hard cover) Published by S. Chand & Company Ltd, New Delhi in 1996 with 282 pages, Price Rs. 425/-. ISBN 81-219-1220-2 


Hyderabad State (1724-1948) was a major Indian State, with roughly the area and population of France. The author explains in the first chapter how eh Nizam’s dynasty emerged after the collapse of the Mughal empire and maintained its control of the Deccan

The book focuses on a crucial figure in the State’s history, Salar Jang I, who was Diwan (Prime Minister) for thirty years from 1853 to 1883. The book shows how Hyderabad was transformed by Salar Jang in three decades from a chaotic state, in which districts were sold to the highest bidder, to a state which held its own on the Indian Political Scene. Due to his reputation as a statesman, Salar Jang was, at the time of his death, one of the best-known Indians in Britain and India.

Salar Jang played a dual role as a medium and resister of British influence. He supported the British during the revolt of 1857, but later earned the disfavour of the British by demanding the restoration fo the rich province of Berar, which had been taken away under duress by them in 1853. For a time he even claimed that the Nizam was independent of the British, and an ally of the Queen of England.

The conclusion analyses Salar Jang’s legacy to Hyderabad, bringing the story upto the First World War. In the concluding chapter the author assesses the Nizam’s state’s image of itself, the nature of British Policy towards Hyderabad, the Salar Jang’s achievement as a reformer. Six coloured and 18 black and white photographs in this book and two maps, four family trees, bibliography and index enhance is value as a permanent record of the history of Hyderabad State till about 1900



LATIN AMERICA: AN INTRODUCTION (Paper Back) Publisher National Book Trust, New Delhi in 2010 with 321 pages, Price Rs. 90/-. ISBN 978-81-237-5881-7.



The volume on Latin America Opens a window into a region of the world that has long been celebrated for its vibrant diversity, rich traditions and its ancient civilizations. The book counts among the very few works to take up the challenge to map an entire region and does so with easy elegance.

It is a story engagingly told, offering a rare and commanding sweep of the region’s political and socio-economic history and its transition from an imperialist past to a post-colonial future-in-the making. Seamlessly woven into the narrative are various cultural and civilizational vignettes, an effervescent tapestry of its art and literature as well as its role as an emerging actor in world affairs.





GANDHI IN THE TWENTY FIRST CENTURYAn Alternative Approach to Development [V.K. Bawa, Editor]  [Prachee Publications, 3-3-859/1/A, 2nd Floor, Lane opp. Arya Samaj, Kachiguda, Hyderabad 500027.]  1999.  ISBN 81-7443-009-1 Copyright Dr. Vasant Kumar Bawa.

As the world enters the twenty-first century, the prevailing mood is a mix of optimism and apprehension, bordering on despair. The collapse of Communist states has not been followed by the success of the capitalist system. Apart from the failures of the market system itself, the new industrial technology is highly capital-intensive. The boom information technology co-exists, both in industrialized and developing countries, with widespread unemployment and under employment.

 The Western development model has an adverse impact on the environment. The onset of global warming and widespread climate change, and the depletion of the ozone layer have made Mahatma Gandhi’s critique of the  Western model of development more relevant than ever before.

 This volume as a whole represents a handy introduction for those who would like to know the achievements and failures of the Gandhian experience in the past fifty years, and provides guidelines to those concerned about the future of the world, and the applications of Gandhian economic ideas in the twenty-first century.

 The contributors are activists, administrators and scholars with first hand knowledge and understanding of the changes Indian has undergone during the past five decades and share a concern about the future of the Indian economy, society and polity.


 Some Opinions :

 “This is valuable study of Mahatma Gandhi’s thought is a product of a seminar held at Hyderabad attended by scholars,… administrators and social activists. The great  merit of this book is that it focuses not only on the theoretical and historical perspective, but on the possibilities of integrating Gandhiji’s ideas into the political, social and economic framework today.

                                                                                          B.R. Nanda, Historian of Gandhi


The editor sets the tone in his introductory essay tersely narrating the evolution of Gandhiji’s ideas on economy and traces the prolonged ideological rift between the Mahatma and his heir apparent, Jawaharlal Nehru, in their approach to a future development model for free India.


Touching on the need-based 18 point constructive programme of Gandhiji, Oza suggests that Gandhians and Marxists can come together on a common platform to tackle the problems of rural India and of corruption in government, inasmuch as both stand for the oppressed, believe in organizing the masses, decentralization of power and are opposed, to criminalisation  of politics. It is refreshing to note that the seminar papers steer clear of the usual academic rhetoric and insightfully highlight some of the Gandhian strands that may be very relevant when we step into the third millennium.

                                                          La. Su. Rengarajan, The Hindu, July 20, 1999.